Hematuria, blood in the urine medical terminology that refers to the presence of blood in the urine. This condition can occur because of infection, kidney diseases, or rare blood disorders.
Why is it important to report every case of hematuria?
It is important to report every case of blood in the urine to the doctor. Hematuria can be a sign of more severe health conditions. Some of the major causes of urine in the blood include infections.
Hematuria can either be gross or microscopic. The doctor must carry out a urinalysis to determine the person’s general health condition.
Types of hematuria
There are two types of hematuria which are classified according to the amount of blood in the urine. Hematuria usually occurs alone without other additional signs or indicators.
Microscopic hematuria is difficult to detect. In this case, the red blood cells in the urine cannot be seen with the naked eyes. The presence of blood is so minute and visible only under a microscope. Thus, Microscopic hematuria refers to blood in the urine medical terminology for the microscopic presence of blood in the urine.
Gross hematuria is blood in the urine medical terminology used to identify the physical presence of blood in the urine. In the case of gross hematuria, there are visible spots of blood in the urine. In other cases, the urine will appear discolored as a result of the sufficient amount of blood it contains. The color of the urine if gross hematuria is usually pink or red depending on the severity. Urinating is usually accompanied by pain when there are blot clots in the urine.
What are the Causes of hematuria?
During hematuria, the Red blood cells found in the urine can either be from the kidney or other parts of the urinary system. Hematuria can occur as a result of one or more of the following:
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
The presence of bacteria replication in the bladder is known as urinary tract infections. This bacterial usually enter the body through the urethra and finds its way to the bladder. Urinary tract infection can affect the bladder and the urethra. A person with UTI will have a persistent urge to urinate all the time. The urine comes with an offensive odor and urinating usually comes with pain. In other cases, the above symptoms are not visible, only microscopic hematuria is experienced.
This situation is most common in advanced adults but can also be experienced by younger adults.
Kidney infection or pyelonephritis can also be a cause of blood in the urine. Untreated conditions of UTIs can cause bacteria to move into the kidney from the bladder. The symptoms are similar to the ones experienced during a bladder infection. However, a kidney infection can lead to pain on the sides of the abdomen. Kidney infections can also lead to hematuria.
Kidney or bladder stone
When urine is held for too long in the bladder, it becomes concentrated. It can lead to the crystallization of minerals contained in the urine. After some time, crystals that fail to dissolve become smaller and hardened. Kidney stones are painless so long as they remain in the kidney or bladder. A person with kidney stones may not even notice it is there until these stones begin to affect the urethra. Kidney stones can enter the ureters and cause an obstruction. It can also make its way to the bladder and enter the urethra. Passing out kidney stones can be the cause of either gross or microscopic hematuria.
The enlargement of the prostate
Benign prostatic hyperplasiaor enlarged prostate is a condition that occurs naturally in men. As men grow older, the prostate gland that is located under the bladder enlarges. This enlargement usually begins around the middle ages. Some of the symptoms include the increased urge to urinate, and urinating also becomes difficult. Benign prostatic hyperplasia can lead to blood in the urine.
Enlargement of the prostate can become cancerous, leading to blood in the urine. This symptom only occurs in the advanced stage of prostate cancer. At the early stage, there may be no signs or symptoms at all.
Medications such as aspirin and heparin can also lead to blood in the urine.
A physical blow or injury to the kidney
For athletes, such as wrestlers of kickboxers, a direct hit to the side can affect the kidney. When this happens, the physical presence of blood can be seen in the urine flow. The case is also similar to accident victims who sustain kidney injury as a result of a hit to the side.
Treatment for Hematuria, blood in the urine medical terminology
Treatment for hematuria starts with detecting the cause of the blood in the urine. Thus, the treatment for hematuria (blood in the urine medical terminology) can vary from one condition to another.
For UTIs, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics.