Causes and solutions to tongue bleeding when brushing

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Tongue bleeding when brushing

The human tongue is very delicate and soft. The tongue needs to be handled as delicate to avoid injury or tongue bleeding when brushing. Many people experience this condition when brushing.

Understanding the tongue and why the tongue bleeds when brushing

The tongue has a layering of a moist, pink tissue known as mucosa. The tongue contains little bumps called papillae, which has taste buds covering its surface. The tongue is held firm to the mouth by a complex connection of strong tissue and mucosa. The part that holds down the tongue at the front is called the frenum. At the back of the mouth, the hyoid bone holds the tongue.

The tongue is important for a variety of tasks, which include speech, eating, and drinking. Tongue bleeding when brushing can be as a result of more serious underlying factors.  Some of the factors are:

Medical conditions affecting the tongue

Brushing your teeth is essential. Sometimes the tongue bleeding when brushing not because of a disease or infection. Tongue bleeding can occur because of a minor injury that would eventually heal on its own. It is very important to watch out for certain symptoms that may require medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Below, we would be looking at a few medical conditions, medical advice, diagnosis, and treatment options:

Tongue Cancer

This cancer can make the tongue bleed. It is often known to begin like a single mouth ulcer that wouldn’t heal. As it continues to exist in the host, it expands and often become hardened. It can be very painful and irritating.

When noticed on time and effective treatment commences, the doctor will be able to treat this kind of malignancy.

Some risk factors that can expose you to this condition include:

  • Being infected with HIV/AIDS
  • Being a consistent or heavy drinker
  • Regular smoking and use of tobacco


Biopsy targeting is the most popular way to diagnose tongue cancer. A biopsy helps to reveal cancerous cells. If the biopsy reveals cancer cells, the doctor conducts further tests to check how far cancer has spread.


Lymph system abnormalities and malformations are not cancerous or dangerous and don’t even cause discomfort if it remains undetected. To treat it, doctors may recommend steroids or have them removed by surgery.

Tongue bleeding when brushing
Tongue bleeding when brushing

Mouth Ulcers

Also called stomatitis or canker sores, mouth ulcers are small, white sores visible in the mouth, and tongue of its carrier. It is not a reason to be scared or alarmed, although it can be painful and cause tongue bleeding when brushing.


Normally, mouth ulcers clear up in a couple of weeks without any necessary treatment. However, your doctor may prescribe lozenges and mouthwashes for the relief of symptoms.

Yeast infection or Thrush

Common fungal infections such as thrush and candidiasis mostly affect people on antibiotics, babies, and people suffering from ailments that affect the immune system. This infection often causes white or yellow spots or sores on the throat and mouth. It is very painful when you try to eat and swallow food and also cause tongue bleeding when brushing.


Since this form of fungal infection is observable enough, visual inspection is the easiest form of diagnosis.


Thrush is not serious in most circumstances. It is important to inform a doctor in the case when people with compromised immune systems or children show symptoms. The use of antifungal cream is effective in treating thrush. In a situation of a widespread infection, doctors may recommend the use of oral antifungal medications.

Oral herpes

The herpes simplex virus is responsible for the infection known as Oral herpes. Oral herpes has different modes of transmission. Some of them include skin-to-skin, drinking cups, eating utensils, sharing towels, etc.

Symptoms include:

  • Forming of a large lesion by clusters of blisters growing together
  • Pain and redness
  • Scorching sensation and itching in the mouth
  • Fluid-filled blisters or rashes that become sores when broken


Because Oral herpes looks like other noticeable conditions, it’s difficult to diagnose, which is why a virus culture is important.


Medications are very effective in managing Oral herpes. It can control the symptoms and lengthen its dormancy.

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